It's never too late to start teaching your dog new tricks. In fact, it is beneficial for dogs of all ages, to stimulate their mind and keep them active. Before starting training, designate an area that is free from distractions, a calm environment is best to keep your dog's attention on you. Also, have a lot of treats handy. Start with something small, like the command 'Sit.' Sit is a simple and basic command; however, your dog must learn what that word means.
Start by standing directly in front of your dog with him facing you, you want him to focus on you. Make sure any distractions are kept to a minimum.
Show him that you have a treat in your hand, then slightly close your hand so that he knows the treat is still there. Now there is no doubt his attention is on YOU.
Move the treat close to your dog's nose and begin moving the treat over his head. Be sure not to have your hand too high, because he might be tempted to jump. Instead, you want him to follow the hand with the treat with his eyes until he sits.
When he sits, say the word "sit" in a firm voice, then give him his promised treat. Don't confuse him by adding any other words other than sit.
Try this for a few minutes a day for a few days. Be Patient and Repetitive, and give him lots of love for a job well done.
After completing the sit training, you can move on to other tricks.
To get your pooch to lie down is just as easy.
First get your dog to sit, then kneel beside him while looking straight at him.
Show him that you have a treat in your hand, but you are not ready to give your treat up yet. You can do this by closing your fingers around the treat. Be sure to keep the treat near his nose.
Slowly bring the treat down, below his nose and slowly going down toward the floor, your dog should follow the treat to the floor.